A laminate is a material that can be constructed by uniting two or more layers of material together. The process of creating a laminate is lamination, which in common parlance refers to the placing of something between layers of plastic and gluing them with heat and/or pressure, usually with an adhesive. However, in electrical engineering, lamination is a construction technique used to reduce unwanted heating effects due to eddy currents in components, such as the magnetic cores of transformers.
Laminate is primarily made from a combination of Kraft paper (similiar to brown paper bags), melamine and phenol resins (a combination of phenols, melamine and formaldehyde) and high quality print paper (this is where the image or print is printed on). These layers of paper and resin are fused together under heat and pressure and the end result is laminate. Laminate today has a vast range of colours, prints and textures. You can get laminates that look like natural stone, granite, marble, timber or you can even get any image you desire printed as a laminate. There are different lamination processes, depending on the type of materials to be laminated. The materials used in laminates can be the same or different, depending on the processes and the object to be laminated. Most people are very familiar with Laminate counter tops.