MDF stands for Medium Density Fibreboard. It has emerged as an economical alternative to wood. MDF is an engineered wood product which is manufactured using residues of hardwood and softwood. The residues are glued with wax and resin under extreme temperature and pressure. The density of an mdf board is more than that of plywood and is usually between 500 kg/cubic metres and 1000 kg/cubic metres.
Types of MDF Boards
Laminated- A laminated mdf board is made by gluing many thin fiber boards of different wood grains together. Gluing is done under high temperature and pressure. The surface of a laminated mdf board is stiff and hard. The surface is highly even and is free of knots. They are available in wide range of wood grain shades.
Particle- Particle MDF board is made of particles of various sizes and shapes which are bonded together by a resin. Wood particles such as wood shavings and chippings are cut to smaller sizes using wood chipper. The particles are mixed with resin and poured into a sheet to pack them together. Particle MDF boards are commonly used as mdf boards for cupboards and other kinds of furniture used in living rooms, kitchen and dining rooms.
Fibre- Fiber board is made using wood chippings, vegetable starch or organic fiber obtained from sugarcane. Formaldehyde resins such as phenol formaldehyde or urea are used to bind the raw materials. The process is dry and takes place at a low temperature. Fiber boards are have both commerical and residential applications because of their sound proof properties.
The MDF boards can be also be classified according to colour. Ultra light MDF is also known as white mdf board. Green MDF board is moisture resistant. Red or blue MDF board is fire resistant.
MDF boards are mainly used for making furniture items. Many furniture companies use accurately measured MDF boards to make furniture. Using MDF lowers the cost of manufacturing furniture.
MDF boards are also used for making home interior cabinetry such as shelving units and kitchen cabinets. Cabinets are made of fiberboard and provided a wood laminate on the top. MDF boards have many other uses in home interiors such as doors, flooring and mouldings.
Fire retardantMDF boards are used in construction of buildings to protect them against fire hazards. Fire resistant MDF boards are commonly used in the construction of offices, shops and other commerical builidings that have to meet various safety requirements. Residential buildings can also be constructed using fire resistant MDF boards.
MDF boards provide soundproofing. Hence, they are used in the walls of offices, apartments and media rooms to prevent sound from travelling through the walls. MDF boards are also used by many speaker manufacturing companies. The MDF board inside the speaker's casing prevents vibration by absorbing the sound waves.
MDF boards can be used as a vapour barrier and insulator in both residential and commerical properties. MDF absorbs moisture without shrinking or rotting, hence it acts as an effective vapour barrier and insulator for long periods of time.
A plethora of high quality mdf board sheets are available in the market. For example, densified water resistant mdf board sheets suitable for prolonged exposure to moist conditions. They are available in various sizes and thickness.
MDF boards primed using chemicals such as urethane are also available in the market. The life and quality of the MDF board is improved by priming. The primed mdf board sizes are displayed in inches. The required size depends upon the size of cabinet, shelve, bookcase or other type of furniture to be constructed using it.
Pre-laminated MDF board has a melamine infused paper fixed on the surface. The paper has a design and decor which imparts a realistic surface finish to the MDF panel. They are available in a variety of wood grain shades such as mahogany, walnut, Asian maple, Bavarian beech, acacia, Oxford cherry, Nova teak, etc. Various colour shades such as forest green, arctic white, silver grey, black, slate, etc. are ablso available in the market.