With the advancement in the field of technology relating to solar power, the installation and use of solar power system have been increased. Solar being a pure form of energy that is harvested from the sun is safe for the environment.
The solar power system can be broadly be classified into on–grid, off-grid and hybrid system. The on-grid solar system is the one that is commonly used around the world.
Before we get to what is on-grid solar power system, let’s understand the working of solar power. A solar power system mainly contains Solar panels made up of Photovoltaic cells; these panels harvest the sun’s energy and convert them into Direct Current. The direct current so produced is again converted by the inverters into AC current that powers up different home appliances. Panels produce electricity as long as the sun is available; the excess power so produced is stored in grid or battery based on the system. On-grid solar power system stores the excess amount of electricity in the grid to which it is connected.
On-grid solar power system
An on-grid solar power system is the most common type that is widely used in homes and business. The working of an On-grid solar power system is similar to other types. The system mainly differs on how the excess energy is stored. This type of solar power system is connected to the electricity grid, the additional energy harvested by the panel is sent to the grid to which it is connected.
The on-grid solar system does not need batteries, however, batteries can be added to the grid if necessary at the later stage. One important advantage of using on-grid solar power system is that the user gets credits in their electricity bill for the energy that is exported.
The electricity grid to which your solar system is connected can be used by other consumers connected to it. Sometimes it so happens that the amount of energy produced by the system may not be sufficient in such cases you have the option of consuming electricity from the grid.
Components of on-grid solar power system
An on-grid solar power system requires fewer parts to work effectively making its maintenance cost less. The necessary components of an on-grid solar power system are as follows:
Solar panel on grid system produces electricity from solar energy . But the electricity grid is a crucial part of the working of the on-grid solar system. The excess energy produced by the panel is stored in the grid to which it is connected. The amount of exported energy offsets the amount of electricity consumed from the grid.
Advantages of using on-grid solar power system
The use of solar power panels to produce electricity has been increased in recent times. Solar power is such an innovation that agrees with sustainable development. The pure energy from the sun is absorbed by PV cells present in the solar panels to produce electricity, which is safe and energy efficient.
1. The foremost advantage of using electricity obtained from solar energy is a reduction in electricity bills. Though you need to initial invest for setting up a solar panel, the amount of money that you can save later is tenfold. The excess energy produced by the solar panel is transferred and stored in the grid to which you are connected.
2. On-grid solar power panels are easy maintenance. Use of batteries is not mandatory under this type of power system which makes maintenance even easier. Further, on-grid solar panels contain the least amount of parts which ensures easy installation.
3. Using on-grid solar power system helps in earning passive income. Excess amount of energy that the system produces is stored in the grid to which you are connected, which can be charged. Hence using on-grid solar power system not only reduces electricity bill but also helps you earn additional income in terms of credits.
4. Solar energy is derived from the sun, which is pure in nature. Using such renewable and inexhaustible resources reduces our carbon footprint on the earth.
India’s take on the solar power panel
The Indian government is striking hard to create awareness among the citizens about the benefits of installing a solar power system. An on-grid solar power plant is very popular in India; in fact, the installation target for such a system has been exceeded for the year 2017 – 2018.