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What is a Curtain Wall, its Type and Advantages?

By September 02 , 2019

What is a curtain wall? The term curtain wall is quite famous in the entire construction world as it simply indicates the structure that is provided in the exterior wall of the house and there are many curtain wall types. These type of walls were even famous during the ancient time as they were proved to be more protective in safeguarding the castles and similar another type of buildings from any type of external attacks. Further, they were said to be quite good at protecting the house from the invaders. However, in the present time, the concept has undergone a great change as it simply indicates to protect the exterior of the house from rain or wind. Most of the commercial buildings mainly try to put these types of walls in their outer structure. This type of wall is said to be protective one. With the passage of time, the concept of these types of walls has undergone good changes. In the present time, curtain wall is mainly put over the wall to stabilize it to some extent. They are also said to be as a good option for protecting the wall against excessive rain, or wind. This is perhaps a wonderful invention.

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Various Categories of Curtain Walls

There are different types of curtain walls that are available in the present time. Let’s have a glance at some of them. To be very specific timber curtain wall is always available in a wooden exterior. Most of the hospitals and shopping malls have this type of walls. On the other hand, brick curtain wall the bricks are provided to support for the foundation. Most of the tallest buildings are provided with such type of walls.

Apart from all this, there are various types of curtain wall facades. These are stick curtain wall system and unitized curtain wall system. The first one is mainly applied in low rise buildings. The shipping cost of this type of curtain wall is much lower. But the later one is applied to high buildings. The installation does not require any type of cranes or similar other things. It can be installed through mini cranes. Now, what is a curtain wall in construction? They are the most important subject in constructing buildings. However, there are certain other categories of curtain wall.

  1. Spider Curtain Walls

    They are presumed to be wide accepted. There are many places that mainly rely to use this type of walls.

  2. Rubber curtain walls:

    They are mainly rubber strips that are used on the wall.

  3. Fiber glass curtain wall:

    It is mainly noticed in the exterior part of many commercial buildings. They can be decorated very easily.

  4. Photovoltaic curtain wall:

    It can generate electricity with the help of solar energy. In fact, it is a energy saving glass curtain wall. It has been developed with the assistance of new technology and so they are weather resistant.

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  6. Stainless steel Curtain wall:

    It is such type of wall that is mostly prominent in many buildings. Steel is said to be a high class material so they are quite genuine in such cases. These types of steels can give good strength to the entire wall.

  7. Glass Curtain wall:

    It is said to be aluminum framed walls with metal panels. The frame can be attached to the whole building and so there is no need of carrying it. These types of frames are very light-weighted. After the conclusion of World War II the existence of glass wall was noticed. They need very less attention while cleaning. This is the main advantage of using glass walls. They remain fine for a long time. However, with the advancement of technologies there have been some variations in the glass walls. Various categories and types of this type of walls have been introduced and they are much better and good than the existing ones. Some of the walls require very less time for installation. It can also be installed with the help of advanced machineries and tools. But during the early days all these walls has to be installed manually and it required good involvement of man power at the same time.

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  9. Timber curtain wall:

    It is mainly matched with wooden interiors. They are perfect in such part.

  10. Brick curtain wall:

    This type of wall provides an ideal look in most of the living room. This type of wall is presumed to be stronger in character.
    Wood Curtain Wall Systems: This type of wall is skillfully created so that it can be matched with any type of designs and shapes. It is very warm and friendly in nature.

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  12. Fire curtain Wall:

    This type of wall is mainly applied in the exterior part where energy requires a insulated product.

  13. PVC Curtain wall systems:

    To be very specific PVC type of curtain wall system is very popular and renowned in domestic market and part of South East Asia and Middle East.

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Ingredients For Curtain Wall Installation:

There are some materials that are involved in the making of this type of walls. These are transform, mullions, anchor and vision glass. Without these materials it is very tough to manufacture a curtain wall. All the ingredients are related to each other. Let us go through some of the items.

Firstly it must be said that the vision glass is mainly used for the vision purpose. It is a transparent one. These types of glasses are very glossy. It shines throughout time. However, the cost of installing a curtain wall depends upon its height. The higher ll the more would be the cost.

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Advantages and Disadvantages of Curtain Wall:

It is equally important to know about the merits and demerits of such type of walls. This is very vital for the proper installation process.

There are ample advantages of curtain wall system.

It has already been known to many that before the ancient period various types of materials such as cement or mud was used to make this type of walls. These made the whole wall very heavy and the passing of light was perhaps impossible. But with the emergence of curtain walls, transparent materials have been introduced. Now, one can easily observe the sunrays and similar other objects.

Apart from preventing the building from air or rain or even moisture, the walls are equally safe and protective from spreading the fire between the floors of the building. Suppose if a fire is caught in one floor then it would take a long time to reach the other floor. In the meantime many lives can be saved.

These types of walls require very less maintenance. They can be easily washed by simple water. A simple water wash can make the walls look glossy or shiny at the same time. They always shine in a single wash and makes the whole building very attractive.

If there are horizontal winds then these types of walls can protect the entire building from any type of severe damage. In short, there are various advantages of erecting these types of walls in many buildings. Due to its ample advantages, most of the commercial buildings are relying upon and preferring to use these types of walls. In other words, the look of the newly constructed buildings has been changed with the introduction of curtain walls.

Disadvantages of Curtain Walls

The main and important disadvantage of using this type of wall is that it always demands regular maintenance. This is a mandatory work that must be carried out by the workers.

The installation process of the curtain wall is presumed to be a time consuming one. Sometimes, it also becomes very costly to erect such walls. So all the detailed information on this subject must be gathered before the installation process.

While cleaning the cleaners must be very aware especially on the anodized materials as they may be removed with the touch of water. Those areas must be avoided as much as possible or cleaned in a cautious manner.

Sometimes it is observed that the walls are not at all durable and hence it needs to be removed within a short time. So regular inspection is mandatory in such a condition for judging the condition of the walls.

It has been seen that curtain wall is really a very important product in the present time. Keeping in mind the advantages and disadvantages there are other beneficial features that make this item an important one. Even, the participation of the curtain wall materials is equally important.